Church leaders look at possible U.S. structure

United Methodist leaders are looking at ways to strengthen the denomination’s worldwide nature. One idea on the table is to add a U.S. church structure that would deal solely with U.S. issues.

Members of the Connectional Table, the church leadership body working on the proposal, acknowledge they face a tough task.

For decades, United Methodists have considered creating some kind of decision-making body that would take up concerns exclusive to the U.S. — like pensions or U.S. social issues. Still, such proposals always have faced stiff resistance.

G. Miller Wilbourn, left, of Arkansas, and Benedita Penicela Nhambiu of Mozambique, listen to a presentation at the Connectional Table meeting in Oslo, Norway. Nhambiu leads the Connectional Table’s working group on the denomination’s worldwide nature. Photo by Heather Hahn, UMNS.

G. Miller Wilbourn, left, of Arkansas, and Benedita Penicela Nhambiu of Mozambique, listen to a presentation at the Connectional Table meeting in Oslo, Norway. Nhambiu leads the Connectional Table’s working group on the denomination’s worldwide nature. Photo by Heather Hahn, UMNS.

As recently as 2016, General Conference — the denomination’s top lawmaking body — voted down a petition to create a U.S. central conference and other proposed new regional structures.

However, Connectional Table members say that dynamic is about to change. They argue some kind of U.S. structure will be needed under a proposed General Book of Discipline heading to General Conference voters in 2020.

Since 2012, two other church bodies — the Standing Committee on Central Conference Matters and the Committee on Faith and Order — have been working on the General Book of Discipline.

Their task is to specify which parts of the current Book of Discipline’s Part VI are essential for all United Methodists and which can be adapted. Part VI, the largest section in the Discipline, deals with organizational and administrative matters.

The goal is to have a shorter, more globally relevant governing document. Whatever the new General Book of Discipline no longer includes will be subject to adaptation. 

However, at present, the denomination’s constitution allows only the seven central conferences in Africa, Europe and the Philippines to modify the Book of Discipline according to their legal and missional contexts.

“We defined our work as finding a way for the U.S. to do the adaptable work that will be required with the proposed General Book of Discipline,” said Judi Kenaston, the convener of the Connectional Table’s advisory group on U.S. matters. She is also a member of the West Virginia Conference.

“There needs to be a way for the U.S. churches to do that adaptable work. Otherwise it remains in the General Conference.”

Kenaston’s group rejected the idea of simply doing nothing, leaving questions of U.S. church administration up to the full General Conference. A number of church leaders already complain that the multinational assembly is too U.S. centric. 

She outlined two possibilities her group is currently considering:

  • Creating a Standing Committee on U.S. Matters. Like the Standing Committee on Central Conference Matters, the new standing committee also would continue working between General Conferences.
  •  Making the United States its own central conference, while retaining jurisdictions to elect bishops.

Creating a new standing committee would not require the high bar of amending the constitution, as creating a U.S. central conference would.

Nevertheless, Kenaston said, everything the new committee recommends would still need General Conference approval. That’s what happens now with recommendations from the Standing Committee on Central Conference Matters.

“Rats,” said Gil Hanke, the top executive of United Methodist Men, in response to this news.

He wasn’t alone in that reaction.

“If it has to go back to General Conference, we will rehash everything all over again,” said Chicago Area Bishop Sally Dyck. “We’ll never get out of that rattrap.”

Mississippi Area Bishop James Swanson raised another concern.

He alluded to the fact that the Methodist Church from 1939 to 1968 segregated African-Americans into what was called the Central Jurisdiction. Even now, the word “central” in a U.S. context reminds church members of separate and unequal treatment. 

“I would hope any kind of structure in the United States would take into consideration what the words ‘central conference’ would mean to African-Americans,” Swanson said. “A failure to do that would be very offensive to many African-Americans.”

More Work on WorldWide Nature

The Connectional Table is working on two other initiatives related to the denomination’s worldwide nature.

  • One of the body’s advisory groups is working with the Standing Committee on Central Conference Matters to revise Chapter 5 for the General Book of Discipline. That section deals with the operations of general agencies and the Connectional Table itself. The goal is to clarify how general agencies function in a worldwide church.
  • Another advisory group is working on developing a more globally representative General Church Council, which if General Conference approves, would replace the Connectional Table. The 2016 General Conference gave its approval for the Connectional Table to work on the plan.

The Connectional Table’s press release offers an overview of the May 17-21 meeting. 

Nordic-Baltic Area Bishop Christian Alsted, the Connectional Table’s chair, asked if perhaps each of the five U.S. jurisdictions might be able to develop a supplemental Book of Discipline for their needs. 

“I know people would then say, there are some things we would still need to deal with — all of us — like pensions,” Alsted said. “But it could be possible to deal with that part in connection with General Conference… as an extra day or an evening session for all U.S. delegates.”

The Rev. Gary Graves, secretary of the General Conference, pointed out that idea presents challenges. Even within central conferences, individual annual conferences do not have the authority to adapt the Book of Discipline.

The work of the advisory group will continue at least until the 2020 General Conference. 

Benedita Penicela Nhambiu of Mozambique oversees the Connectional Table’s work on issues related to the denomination’s worldwide nature. She asked the full body to share their ideas with the advisory group as it does its work.

Dave Nuckols, who serves on both the Connectional Table and the Commission on a Way Forward, asked Kenaston to share her group’s progress with the commission. The commission is charged with finding ways for the denomination to stay in unity despite deep divisions around homosexuality. At present, it is also looking at ways to allow for some kind of adaptability.

The Rev. Ole Birch of Denmark offered this advice to the full body.

“From the central conferences’ perspective,” he said, “we would like to see a construction where the U.S. is a part of The United Methodist Church, where you are a part.”

Hahn is a multimedia news reporter for United Methodist News Service. Contact her at (615) 742-5470 or newsdesk@umcom.orgTo read more United Methodist news, subscribe to the free Daily or Weekly Digests.

Sign up for our newsletter!


Latest News

Mission and Ministry
Asylum-seekers from Lebanon are greeted by Federica Brizi and Francesco Piobbichi of the Federation of Evangelical Churches in Italy (center) upon their arrival in Rome in August 2017. The group obtained legal visas through the Humanitarian Corridors program of the federation, the Synod of Waldensian and Methodist Churches and the Community of Sant’Egidio, run by Mediterranean Hope. Photo courtesy of Mediterranean Hope.

Small churches play big role for refugees in Italy

Italian religious groups, including Methodists, have created a legal, safe pathway for Syrians and other vulnerable asylum seekers to resettle in Italy and the work is expanding.
Central Conferences
Zimbabwe Area Bishop Eben K. Nhiwatiwa, episcopal leader for the Zimbabwe East and Zimbabwe West conferences, joins hands with other Christians and political leaders at a national prayer breakfast and dialogue Feb. 7 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Photo by Tarui Emmanuel Maforo, UMNS.

Amid political unrest, Zimbabwe churches lead dialogue

United Methodist Bishop Eben K. Nhiwatiwa calls for consensus building in the highly polarized nation.
The Rev. Lloyd T. Nyarota. Photo by Mike DuBose, UMNS.

Commentary: African delegates urged to oppose exit plans

A Zimbabwean clergyman urges African delegates to General Conference 2019 not to support exit plans and to focus on keeping the church united.