Churches can also create covenants about other mission priorities, or choose not to have a covenant at all.
The vote on the 10-point proposal, by a show of voice and hands, came just eight months after a special General Conference passed legislation affirming the church’s current bans on ordaining LGBTQ clergy and officiating at or hosting same-sex marriage and strengthening penalties for violations. Conference officials estimated 80 percent of those present at the special annual conference voted for the proposal, which came from the report submitted by the conference’s Way Forward Team.
Bishop John Schol, episcopal leader of the conference, told the Oct. 26 special session that he chooses to be a pastor of all United Methodist congregations. He vowed he would not forward complaints for trial concerning LGBTQ people’s right to marry, seek ordination or for pastors who perform same-sex unions.
The Board of Ordained Ministry has also declared it will not screen people from answering a call to ministry based on their sexuality or gender.
The conference actions reject the Traditional Plan, passed 438-384 by the denomination’s top lawmaking assembly. In the months since, some United Methodists have expressed relief at the outcome while others have announced plans to resist. Also, multiple proposals for dividing the church along theological lines have been developed in the U.S.There were five challenges to the legality of the Way Forward Team’s report, questioning the conference’s authority to act and whether the proposals violate church law. Schol is considering those challenges.
The Rev. Leo Park, Korean United Methodist Church of South Jersey, said he objected to the covenant proposal because it violates the Book of Discipline and the Bible.
“It is not about culture … or even sexuality, it is about honoring the Bible and keeping the vows we made at ordination.”
The Way Forward Team said the covenants allow the conference to move past the current struggles over how The United Methodist Church accepts or rejects ministry with LGBTQ people.
However, congregations are not required to enter into a covenant, said the Rev. Sang Won Doh, convener of the Way Forward Team.
The plan provides a path for congregations that want to leave the conference or affiliate with other Wesleyan denominations. Churches can also develop covenants about other missional commitments that empower contextual ministries of justice, mercy and peace.
Doh said in focus groups, listening sessions and surveys, more than 800 United Methodists in Greater New Jersey clearly communicated they wanted to continue in ministry together and did not want to separate into groups.
Doh said many congregations had not had conversations about the decision made by the 2019 General Conference. Others reported their congregations were split 60-40 or 50-50 on the issue of LGBTQ inclusion.
There is no action to be taken if a congregation does not develop a covenant. The covenanting process is fully voluntary,” he added
Facilitators will be available to help congregations form covenants. The conference will be prepared to facilitate 60 congregations at a time.
The report asks congregations to use the following questions to guide the process:
1. Who is God?
2. Who is Jesus?
3. Why do people need Jesus?
4. Why do people need our congregation?
Schol was asked why the conference didn’t wait until the 2020 General Conference meets.
“General Conference can’t fix the challenges that face our denomination,” he said. “No vote or piece of legislation will change people’s hearts and minds. The United Methodist Church is global and diverse. A dominant centralized government does not work. We need a polity that is focused on the mission globally and organization and practices identified locally. We remain committed to being loyal to our foundational mission of being disciples of Jesus Christ for the transformation of the world,” Schol said.
Asked about the covenant proposal’s similarities to the One Church Plan that failed at the special General Conference, Schol said that plan was a General Conference solution. “These matters are better identified and worked through by annual conferences,” he said.
Meanwhile, the United Methodist Judicial Council has an oral hearing scheduled Oct. 30 on the implementation of the Traditional Plan. The Council of Bishops requested a declaratory decision on “the constitutionality, meaning, application and effect of certain petitions adopted as the Traditional Plan,” specifically asking five questions about the effects of the plan “that need to be addressed for the benefit of The United Methodist Church.”
The Rev. Myrna Bethke, district superintendent and dean of the cabinet, said the Greater New Jersey Conference recognizes that all churches are bound by the Book of Discipline. The district superintendents have their own covenant for working with congregations.
“The team also recognizes that congregations act on their convictions to be in ministry with God, one another and the community, including being fully inclusive with LGBTQ people,” she said. “Our goal is to work with our congregations to support their efforts to thrive, to bless one another and to serve the mission and ministries that united us.”
Doh said the team’s report is based on the philosophy of agreeing to disagree.
“People do not agree with everything in the report, but they agree to move forward in this way for the good of the mission of The United Methodist Church.”
The Rev. Virginia Cetuk, Princeton United Methodist Church, moved to add an amendment to the report that affirmed Schol’s vow to not bring complaints to trial and the Board of Ordained Ministry’s vow to not screen candidates for ministry based on their sexuality or gender.
Cetuk said those actions remove “the stone cold fear” from pastors who have to choose between offering love and justice to all or their livelihood.
The gathering passed the report by an overwhelming majority.